Level II: Dyadic Restructuring (DR)

Dyadic Restructuring (DR) refers primarily to a group of techniques and methods of restructuring or re-patterning that occur at the dyadic level, or two-person configuration. The focus of the change of DR techniques is primarily at the Level II Domain  (interpersonal-dyadic matrix). Techniques of DR address the operating system and processes, which include communication modes (both verbal and non-verbal), patterns, and processes that occur in interpersonal relationships. Thus, at this level of domain the perspective has increased from the micro-level of analysis to an incrementally increasingly macro-level.

A SAMPLE LIST OF TECHNIQUES (Go to Psychotherapedia for a more complete listing)

Expected-transactive restructuring:

  • Transference-Past Interpretation (Malan, Davanloo, Sifneos)
  • “Love Days” (Weiss & Birchler, 1978)
  • Mentalizing the transference (Bateman & Fonagy, 2006)
  • Transference tracers (Bateman & Fonagy, 2006)

Relational Restructuring:

  • Enhancing communication between a dyad (Sue Johnson)
  • I-Positions (Guerin, 1971)(
  • Emotional Linking (Cashdan, 1988)
  • Assessment and Goal setting as treatment (Tatarsky, 2003)
  • Empathic Understanding (Rogers, 1961)
  • Reflective/Active Listening (Rogers, 1961)
  • Acceptance versus change (Linehan, 1993)
  • Reciprocal communication (Linehan, 1993)
  • Commitment to treatment (Linehan, 1993)